European Crop Wild Relative Diversity Assessment and Conservation Forum
CWR Catalogue for Europe and the Mediterranean
PGR Forum has responded to the need for the establishment of an inventory of CWR for Europe, as required by the EPCS (European Plant Conservation Strategy), and towards meeting the obligations of EU Member States to the CBD (Convention on Biological Diversity), including the GSPC (Global Strategy for Plant Conservation) and 2010 Biodiversity Target. The PGR Forum CWR Catalogue for Europe and the Mediterranean is available via the Crop Wild Relative Information System (CWRIS), at: http://www.pgrforum.org/cwris/cwris.asp.
The PGR Forum Catalogue of CWR for Europe and the Mediterranean and CWRIS were the subjects of PGR Forum Work Package 1, coordinated by the University of Birmingham
Threat and conservation assessment
Although some countries have published "Red Lists" of threatened species, the current lists do not adequately address European crop wild relatives and a more systematic approach is required. A review of existing in situ and ex situ conservation actions for CWR is also required. This information will be used to help prioritise future conservation action for European crop wild relatives. Specifically, PGR Forum's objectives in the context were to:
Threat and conservation assessment were the focus of PGR Forum Work Package 2, coordinated by the IUCN SSC Red List Programme.
In situ conservation data management
A critical aspect of in situ conservation is data management, and the ability to exchange data in a standardized format. Standards for exchange of ex situ data already exist, but there was a need to develop standards for the collation, analysis and exchange of in situ data, both for genetic reserve and on farm conservation. PGR Forum's objectives in this context were to:
PGR Forum has developed standards for the management of CWR data, with a particular focus on site and population data. These standards have been incorporated into the PGR Forum Crop Wild Relative Information System (CWRIS) (http://www.pgrforum.org/cwris/cwris.asp). In situ data management was the focus of PGR Forum Work Packages 1 and 3, coordinated by the University of Birmingham and German Centre for Documentation and Information in Agriculture (ZADI).
PGR Forum will propose population management and monitoring methodologies appropriate for the in situ genetic conservation of crop wild relatives. Specifically, the forum is assessing:
Population management was the subject of PGR Forum Work Package 4, coordinated by the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid.
Genetic erosion and pollution assessment
Genetic erosion and pollution are major threats to the diversity of European crop wild relatives. PGR Forum is tackling the critical issue of how plant genetic erosion and pollution can be predicted and assessed. The forum will build upon and refine existing methodologies for the prediction of genetic erosion; however, there are currently no established methodologies for assessing plant genetic pollution. The threat of genetic pollution or introgression, either from genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or from conventionally bred crops, to wild species has become an increasing risk to the in situ genetic conservation of crop wild relatives. PGR Forum's objectives in this context are to:
Genetic erosion and pollution prediction and assessment were the themes of PGR Forum Work Package 5, coordinated by the University of Birmingham and Instituto Nacional de Investigação Agrária e das Pescas (INIAP).
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Page last updated 13 December 2005